EDIT: 27.8.16 Huff Post update here.
First, see here for my previous post about RHVD2 in the UK.
All done? Good, then continue reading…
The Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund’s Veterinary Adviser, Richard Saunders, has been working tirelessly on researching the new strain of Rabbit Viral Hemorrhagic Disease and trying to establish an import license for a vaccine to deal with it.
Im happy to share a paragraph from the a recent statement released by the RWAF:
“We are pleased to announce that after long discussions with Filavie, a vaccine manufacturer in France, and NVS, a Veterinary Wholesalers in the UK, we will very shortly have, for sale in the UK, a vaccine against RHD2.”
This is great news for UK bunnies as it means that every owner should be able to request that their vets order in the new vaccine as it will be sold by NVS who are one of the largest veterinary medicines distributors. The Filavie RVHD vaccine is available in 1 dose, 5 dose and 10 dose vials but it is thought that NVS may only be stocking the single dose vials. Please contact your vets now as they will need to organize their license (takes 5 minutes online) and pre order their vaccine stock from NVS now to be delivered in mid June.
As per the previous post – YOU STILL NEED TO USE THE NOBIVAC VACCINE made by MSD to ensure your rabbits are covered against myxomatosis and RVHD1. This means that your rabbits will need a total of 3 injections per year, all need to be at least 2 weeks apart. This will comprise of 1 x nobivac injection (covering myxo and vhd1) and then, at least 2 weeks later, an injection of the Filavie vaccine (which covers RVHD1 and RVHD2). The Filavia data sheet states that it can be given to rabbits over 10 weeks old and that it can be given every 6 months (once a year is ok for low risk areas, twice a year may be more beneficial for high risk areas ie those near recent confirmed RVHD2 outbreaks).
Remember that no vaccine is 100% effective (for humans or animals) but by vaccinating against these diseases it means your rabbits have a chance of survival. If not vaccinated, RVHD1 is fatal, Myxomatosis has a very high mortality rate and RHVD2 appears to have a mortality rate of approx 20-25%.
Until your rabbits are fully vaccinated, its more important than ever to keep your bio-security measures high (and I would still continue with good bio-security after full vaccination). This means using a vet grade disinfectant / cleaner that is DEFRA approved. An example of this is Virkon. As RVHD can be transmitted by fomites (inanimate objects) like shoes, food bowls, car tyres etc as well as biting insects then its recommended to use a dedicated set of clothing for when dealing with your own rabbits. As this clothing and shoes will not leave the rabbits area (your garden or house) then this minimizes the risk of spreading the disease from the outside to your rabbits.
See the flystrike post here to see ways you can protect your bunnies against biting insects too.
Its a really good idea to keep all new rabbits in a quarantine area for the first month. This area should be completely separate from your other existing rabbits, with separate food and water containers, toys, cleaning equipment and clothing. This will allow the rabbit to settle into its new home safely and allow time for any health issues to show before mixing with your existing rabbits.
DO NOT attend rabbit shows! These are a natural hub for spreading disease – especially RVHD1 and RVHD2 that can be transmitted via fomites. At shows, rabbits are kept in small wire cages, usually side by side with little to no disease protection methods in place. Many people come and go and have direct access to touch the rabbits or their cages and the judges do not generally change their clothing or fully clean and disinfect their hands and table in-between handling individual rabbits. This all greatly increases the risk of spreading diseases. As shows are not vital to a rabbits health and happiness, I urge you to stop attending these for the foreseeable future. Even if you do not take your own rabbits there…you risk bringing a deadly disease back home to them.
Sadly it can be very hard to know just how widespread in the pet population RVHD1 and RVHD2 is due to the swift fatality of the disease. Many owners will not take the dead rabbit to the vet as it will often have no signs of illness. However, it is vital that ALL rabbits that suffer a rapid and unexplained death be taken to the vets to have a post mortem done. This needs to be done as soon as the rabbit is found to ensure the internal organs are in the best condition possible for sampling. The vet needs to take some specific samples including those from the liver and send them to the Moredun laboratory in Scotland for testing. If the results come back as positive then please inform the RWAF by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org so they can also log the result. DO NOT add a new rabbit into your previous enclosure until the post mortem has been carried out and the RVHD results are back from the lab – this is a highly contagious disease that can live in the environment for over 100 days. If the rabbit was RVHD positive then the enclosure will need deep cleaning and fully disinfecting with vet grade, DEFRA approved cleaner and disinfectant (see above) before allowing other rabbits to use the space.
For more info, contact the RWAF by emailing email@example.com as they will always have the most up to date and factually correct info. Be wary of other reports and anecdotal stories doing the rounds as they may not be factually accurate. Also, please contact your own vet asap so they are fully aware of the new RVHD2 strain and that an import license has been obtained for the correct vaccine to help fight this. We need owners to insist all their vets order in the vaccine to get as many rabbits as possible protected against this fatal disease.
Please know how to keep your rabbits safe and spread the word!
Sadly our gardens may not be as safe as we think they are. Many owners of small pets will be aware of potential problems from predators such as foxes, cats and dogs but are unaware of the threat from other humans.
There has been a sharp rise in incidents over the past few years where rabbits (and other small furries) have been stolen from gardens. The reasons behind this are varied and vile. Many are stolen to use as bait for dog fights, or for their fur coats. Sometimes children have been deliberately taking pets to ‘play’ with and others have been stolen out of malice.
So I urge ALL pet owners to ensure their gardens are as safe as possible, not only from the threat of natural predators, but from humans too. There are a range of things you can do:
- Secure Enclosures.
It may sound obvious, but if you have a small furry then make sure it is always INSIDE a secure environment that is fully enclosed. Its vital they have room to exercise so make sure it meets the RWAF minimum size guidelines (for rabbits). If you let your rabbits free range then please ONLY do so whilst you are also in the garden to supervise them.
Make sure that both the pets enclosures AND the garden gates are secured using heavy duty padlocks. Also make sure you have a spare set of these keys in a safe but easily accessible place in the house in case of emergency.
- Garden Fencing.
Its important that your fencing is secure and at least 6ft tall. You can add trellis on to the top of fencing to make it even higher. Then, grow thorny plants like roses or blackberries up the fence to make it more uncomfortable for people to climb over. You can also use prikka strips, which are hard rubber spikes that attach to the tops of fences. This is mainly to stop cats entering your garden but it can also help deter humans.
Although it will not physically stop anyone from entering your garden, it can be a good visual deterrent. Also, it can be useful in capturing evidence if someone does manage to get in. You can also use posters / stickers on the outside of the fence to show that CCTV is in operation.
Movement activated flood lights can be a good deterrent. have them pointed at the garden gate / back door rather than directly at the rabbits enclosure otherwise the bunnies will keep setting the light off!
- Neighborhood Watch Schemes.
Anyone can sign up to start a scheme and these can be very beneficial to the whole street. Posters and stickers can be obtained that clearly show that the houses are part of a scheme. This can act as a good deterrent for people looking for mischief.
- Rubbish Bins.
Don’t store your bins outside your garden fence as this makes it easier for someone to climb over the fence!
So make sure you are doing everything you can to keep your pets safe. Never leave them in the garden free range if they are unsupervised and take as many steps as possible to keep your garden and all its contents secure.
RVHD and Myxomatosis are diseases found throughout the UK and can be fatal to un-vaccinated rabbits. Both outdoor AND indoor rabbits are at risk. RVHD in particular is highly infectious and contagious. It is an air borne virus, it can be spread by biting insects (as can Myxo), it can be spread by direct and indirect contact with infected rabbits. For example – if you, your dog or cat has walked on ground where a VHD infected rabbit has been, you can carry it on your clothes or shoes, your other pets can carry it on fur or feet. The virus can survive in the environment for a long time and can survive cold temperatures far better than you might expect.
Their NEW Christmas ad is out and storming the world as the cutest thing of all time.
This ‘cute’ commercial shows puppies, kittens, bunnies, ducklings and more all looking festive. So what’s wrong with that I hear some say…
Firstly – advertising sweet, baby critters at Christmas time is a sure fire way to get kids in the mood for a new bundle of joy. Xmas lists all over the world will now have livestock added to them (and some Santa’s will have to search very hard indeed for a baby narwhal).
ANIMALS ARE NOT TOYS!
None of the good charities, rescues or veterinary organisations recommend giving pets as presents. In most cases – its a one way ticket to the rescue shelter in the New Year.
Secondly – the handling of these poor creatures is awful. Forced to lay on their backs, held by children, wearing clothes and sat in tea cups – do I need to say it again…ANIMALS ARE NOT TOYS! This will ultimately result in some kids (and adults) trying to mis handle their pets to re create a cute photo moment. Stressful for the pet, not fun and not cute.
This nicely leads me on the the third biggest problem. The rabbit. Cute? Yes. Fluffy? Yes. Lots of ‘pester power’ from the children to buy one? Yes. should you buy one? NO!
Rabbits do not make good pets for kids. Period. This particular commercial shows the baby bunny forced to lay on its back on the child’s lap. This is actually called ‘Trancing’ or ‘Tonic Immobility’. It is a hugely stressful state for the rabbit. As a prey species, they pretend to be dead when they think they are being attacked by a predator. They lay there, frozen in fear, heart racing and fearing their death. Still think its cute? Studies have proven that their stress hormone levels also increase at this time (blood cortisol levels). The Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund have been tirelessly fighting to get the right info out into the public space to STOP people from handling rabbits this way. This TV ad has successfully put back all their good work by years! Every filming should have a welfare officer on duty to ensure all animals are treated correctly – I wonder if they had one and if so…I wonder what qualifications they hold as clearly many animals were mishandled here.
And lastly – who wants loads of animal hair on their biscuits anyway?
If like me – you feel the McVities Christmas ad promotes cruel mishandling of animals and encourages the sale of innocent creatures, please consider contacting them to politely let them know. I will be boycotting McVities this year and encourage others to do so. #boycottmcvities
McVities have released the following statement:
“We can confirm that no animals were harmed in the making of the McVitie’s Victoria Christmas ad. We had a professional vet and handlers
on set overseeing all the filming to ensure the welfare of the animals
was our top priority. The professionals on set have confirmed that in
their opinion the rabbit filmed was absolutely not in a state of tonic
immobility or “trancing”; the camera angles used in the filming are
clearly misleading. However, we understand that the ad could mislead
people into thinking that putting a rabbit on its back is recommended,
when this is not the case. We have therefore taken the decision to
remove this scene in the ad as soon as we can. We’d like to thank anyone
who raised this issue with us and would like to remind the public that
they should follow professional advice as to how to best handle animals
in specific circumstances including from The Rabbit Welfare Association
and Fund – www.rabbitwelfare.co.uk.”
It is estimated there are around 50 million rabbits farmed in China for angora fur and the country accounted for 90 per cent of the 4,700 tons produced in 2012.
Angora ‘wool’ cannot be harvested humanely in the vast quantities needed for designer or high street fashion. Both plucking and shaving of live rabbits is stressful, scary and painful and ultimately unnecessary. Add to this, the awful living conditions these poor creatures have to endure and it culminates in a hideous existence just for the sake of fashion.
I contacted a wide range of high street and designer fashion stores last year asking them a few questions about how and where they source their angora. I also asked them to stop using it and to pledge to NEVER sell it again. Im pleased to say I had a good uptake and the following retailers pledged to never / no longer stock angora:
- Borgeois Boheme
- Calvin Klein
- Elizabetta Italian Scarves, Shawls & Wraps
- Feelgood Handbags
- New Look
- Polarn O. Pyret
- Stella McCartney
- The Range
- Ted Baker
- Tommy Hilfiger
- The North Face
Im pleased to say that ALL of the above companies have stayed true to their word! And many other large retainers have done the same. Please support these retailers and contact them with messages of praise 🙂
However – not everyone is willing to play nice and too many retailers are preferring to put fashion before welfare.
Many companies have tried to be clever and disable the word ‘angora’ in their search bar on their website. Meaning that it would appear that they do not stock angora clothes but if you dig deeper and look at individual items, then angora products are actually still being sold. Others have decided to change the materials listed to ‘wool mix’ in order to disguise the use of angora.
Who Sells Angora?
These are some of the retailers who are currently happy to sell angora products:
Marks & Spencers and Topshop may still be selling angora – PETA says they have pledged to stop but the companies social media responses say they have an ‘ethical sourcing policy’ – so they wont confirm that that do or don’t sell angora.
The worst companies so far…
French Connection clearly dont give a FCUK about rabbits – quite hypocritical really considering they decided to use a cute bunny in their recent store posters! They will not enter into any dialogue with me or many of the others that have contacted them.
Monsoon are happy to respond to questions via social media…however they just cut and paste the same answer over and over. They state they use ‘humane’ farms but refuse to give any further details.
Jules are another company that happily use the rabbit / hare image for promotion – yet continue to stock angora products and refuse to answer my questions about their suppliers and sourcing methods.
There are of course, other companies out there providing angora products but these 3 have been the worst with regards to replying to my questions over the past year.
If you feel that the agony of angora for fashion should be stopped then please consider doing one or all of the following:
Contact retailers via Facebook (links above), Twitter, Instagram & Pinterest. Leave a polite comment (or review if that option is available) and ask them:
1) Do they source their angora from China?
2) Is this plucked or shaved from live rabbits?
3) Will they consider stopping the use of angora?
You can contact the companies directly via a head office email to ask the same questions.
Ask to speak to a manager to ask the same questions. They may not know the answers but should be able to tell you which of their stock (if any) contains angora and give you contact details of head office.
Obviously – don’t shop in stores that sell angora products and check the labels before making any purchases.
Spread the word!
Lastly – help make a difference by spreading the word that angora clothes = torture not fashion. You can join the Facebook group ‘Against Angora Cruelty’ to keep up to date with the campaign.
Please let me know of any responses you receive.
Runaround is a small family company that hand make all their products in the UK. They provide a series of connecting tunnels, tubes, runs, boxes and hide outs that make the perfect rabbit enclosure.
With welfare firmly placed at the heart of their business, the Runaround system is the enclosure rabbits would choose to live in if they could!
It acts like a natural warren but above ground. As rabbits are prey species they like to know where their edges are to feel secure. This system allows them to have plenty of space but without feeling insecure or overwhelmed by wide open spaces.
It doesn’t matter if your garden is big or small – Runaround will fit any space and can even be used indoors too! You can tailor make it to your requirements and its easy to move and change around as often as you like.
The product is very safe and secure, made with only the best materials. it can be permanently secured in place if preferred and can be attached to existing hutches, sheds, play houses or even your home via a catflap!
The Rabbit Welfare Association and Fund are big supporters of this product due to the way it allows the rabbits to express all their natural feelings and emotions in a safe environment. It also fits well with their A Hutch Is Not Enough campaign which tries to get people to ‘think outside of the hutch’ for their pets accommodation.
For many years, rabbit owners have been giving the Oxbow Papaya Fruit Plus tablets to their rabbits to help prevent hairball build up. Although, not scientifically proven to help, the anecdotal evidence and owner testimonials are overwhelming with positive results.
These little tablets contain the active enzymes Papain and Bromelain. These enzymes are thought to break down some of the mucus in the gut. They do not break down the fur itself. It is the mucus that binds the fur together inside the gut and this causes the faeces to get clogged with too much hair. This can show as mis-shapen poops or, if particularly bad, will look like a string of pearls. These are very hard for the rabbit to pass naturally and can cause a gut slow down or blockage resulting in an emergency situation.
Unfortunately – Oxbow decided to discontinue these tablets on 1st September 2014 and they have not produced a direct replacement (There are a few still available on Amazon). They now offer the Oxbow Natural Science Digestive Support Supplement which is great…but has not active enzymes in it so is no use for hairball prevention.
But there is another way….
As always, lots of fluids are needed to help a rabbit whilst it is moulting, along with daily grooming. The best brush for rabbits is the cat zoom groom by Kong. It is soft and rubbery so does not hurt or damage the skin like slicker brushes and combs can do. Feed the rabbits their fresh greens / herbs soaking wet as this helps to get more fluids in as well.
Pro C by Vetark is a fabulous product that can be added to the drinking water daily. It contains probiotics that help the gut cope and also extra vitamin C. Rabbits metabolise more vitamin C when they are stressed and moulting is a stressful time. This helps the entire rabbits system cope a bit better during the moult. It can turn the water a shade of green so don’t worry if this happens. Use for a 5-10 day course. This is generally a product that I would always recommend to keep in the cupboard for use at any times of stress of illness.
I have searched around for an alternative enzymatic product and found something that may work. It is a Bromelain supplement called ‘Natures Own’ with no added nasties in it. Each tablet contains 100mg of Bromelain. The Oxbow tablets contained 23mg of Bromelain as well as 2.9mg of Papain and 1-2 tablets could be given daily. This means, if using these ‘new’ Bromelain tablets that are 100mg…you can cut them into quarters thus feeding 25mg per quarter. This can be given as a daily dose and increased to half a tablet (50mg) per day for when the rabbit is moulting.
I MUST stress that I have not tested these tablets in rabbits – but have been looking for an alternative that is as close to the Oxbow tablets as possible. This recommendation is purely based on the fact that these new tablets contain Bromelain in a sufficient dose that almost matches the Oxbow tablets. It is not an exact replacement. You can always discuss this with your vet before use and always stop if any tummy upsets occur.
I would be very interested to hear from anyone does choose to use these and if you notice any improvements.
I applaud the marketing genius behind the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge as it has raised both awareness and a whole heap of cash!
However, there is now a darker side to the fun. Some people are choosing to dump the ice water over their ‘beloved’ pet instead.
NOT cool….NOT fun.
This can be very detrimental to the pets health as well as being a big fat shock! Im not going to add links to any of the videos currently doing the rounds as I do not want to give them the time of day and promote them. However they are easily found if you feel the need.
Can you imagine how shocked, upset, angry, confused you would be if you were minding your own business and all of a sudden you were drenched in ice cold water? How would you react?
So, follow the Rabbit Welfare Associations advice and just don’t do it ok!